DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL VALID STANDARD: 13.10.2010.
UTILIZATION: Hunting dog. Companion dog, family dog, suitable to be trained for various purposes.
Section 3 Related breeds.
Without working trials.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: The origin of the Dalmatian dog can be recognized in paintings and in church chronicles from the 16 th to the 18 th century. Dalmatians can be found on the altar painting "Madonna with Jesus and Angels" in the church "Gospa od andjela" in the town Veli Losinj, island Losinj in Croatia dating back to 1600 – 1630 and also in a fresco in Zaostrog, Dalmatia, Croatia . It suggests that the Dalmatian originates from the eastern Mediterranean region, in particular the historic province Dalmatia.
The first descriptions of the Dalmatian were found in the diocese Djakovo, in the Croatia, namely in the church chronicles of the Bishop Petar Bakic from the year 1719 and the church chronicles of Andreas Keczkemety from the year 1737. The dog was named with the Latin name "Canis Dalmaticus" and the height of the dog described with 4-
GENERAL APPEARANCE: Mesocephalic. Head prismatic form with hanging ears. The body is rectangular, strong, muscled and distinctively spotted. The movement must be elegant. The sexual difference must be visible.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: Length of the body: height at the withers = 10 : 9. The height at the elbow joint: 50% of the height at the withers. The height the hocks: 20-
BEHAVIOUR AND TEMPERAMENT: Pleasant temperament, friendly, not shy or hesitant, free from nervousness and aggression. Lively kind, loyal, independent and easy to train. The Dalmatian likes water and outdoor activities. It has a marked hound instinct.
HEAD: The head must be in proportion and harmony with the rest of the body and not too wide in the skull area. The length from the occipital protuberance to the stop and from the stop to the tip of the nose equals 1:1, or the muzzle is slightly shorter. The upper line of the skull and the upper line of the muzzle are slightly divergent. The masseter muscle and the cheek bone must not be too developed. The head must be entirely free from wrinkle.
Skull: Flat, with a slight lateral rounding. Broadest between the ears and well defined temples. Slight frontal furrow.
Stop: Moderately defined.
Nose: Large with wide open nostrils, it must be completely.
Lips: Strong, must fit the jaw rather closely and not be pendulous, or too thick; without the corner of the mouth too defined. A complete pigmentation is desired.
Jaws / Teeth: Scissor bite, i.e. the upper 6 incisors closely overlapping the lower teeth, with all teeth set square to the jaw. A complete set of teeth (42 teeth) is desired (in accordance with the teeth formula). The teeth are evenly formed and white. A pincer bite is tolerated in older dogs.
Eyes: Oval, in a sub-
Ears: Set on rather high, carried close to the lateral part of the head. The length reaches to the inner corner of the eye or to the stop. The tip is slightly rounded. The ears have the shape of an isosceles triangle. They are fine in texture and soft to the touch. It is very important that the ears are spotted, i.e. the ears must not be completely black or brown but black or brown spotted etc. with the spotting in accordance with the colour variety on the white base.
NECK: The neck should be strong and fairly long, tapering towards the head and free from throatiness.
BODY: Rectangular, proportions of length of body to the height at the withers is 10: 9.
Withers: Well defined.
Back: Powerful, level.
Loin: Short and muscular.
Croup: Muscular, inclined less than 30°.
Chest: Deep and capacious, not too broad or barrel-
Underline and belly: The belly is moderately tucked up but not drawn in.
General appearance: The forelegs must be in proportion to the rectangular body.
Shoulder: The shoulder angle is around 115-
Elbow: Close to the body.
Forearm: The bones are developed in proportion to the body and strong (round), forequarters placed straight and legs standing vertical.
Metacarpus (Pastern): Strong, slightly sloping with a spring.
Forefeet: The toes are compact, so called cat feet are typical. Pads are tough and elastic. The nails should preferably be pigmented.
General appearance: In proportion to the body. With strong well developed muscles. Hindlegs are parallel.
Thigh: Muscular and strong.
Stifle (Knee): Strong and well developed. The stifle has an angle of 40 degree to the horizontal line.
Hock joint: Strong.
Metatarsus (Rear pasterns): The length of the hocks is around 20-
Hind feet: The toes are compact, so called cat feet are typical. Pads are tough and elastic. The nails should preferably be pigmented.
GAIT / MOVEMENT: Rhythmic action, elegant and smooth movement. Stride and trot long with good reach and strong drive. Viewed from the front the legs are parallel.
Hair: Short, shiny, hard and dense all over the body.
Colour: The ground colour is pure white. Black spotted variety with black spots, liver spotted variety with brown spots. The spots should be symmetrically placed all over the body, clearly defined and without intermingling into the white ground colour. The size of the spots should preferably be even, with a size of 2 – 3 cm in diameter. In the brown variety the spots are a little smaller, around 2 cm. The spots on the head and on the legs should be proportional smaller than on the rest of the body. It is desirable the tail is spotted too, with spots also proportional smaller that those on the body. Splashes on the body are not desirable and should be penalised. The spots must not intermingle, i.e. forming large patches. Patches and coloured areas are not desirable. The spots on the ears should be especially noted.
SIZE AND WEIGHT:
Height at the withers: Males 56 – 62 cms. Females 54 – 60 cms.
Dogs with excellent type and balance should not be penalised if above the upper limit.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work.
Aggresive or overly shy.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
Converging head line.
Entropion, ectropion, wall eye, eyes of different colours (heterochromia), blue eyes, partially blue coloured iris.
Lack of nose pigment.
Monocle (patching around one or both eyes) or patching elsewhere.
Tricolour (black and brown spots on the same dog), brindle coloured spots, lemon coloured spots, orange coloured spots, blue spots and pure white colour without spots.
Wirehaired or longhaired
N.B.: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.